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Walk for Stroke Recovery

Regular, brisk walking after having a stroke could help boost your physical fitness, mobility and quality of life.

Regular, brisk walking after having a stroke could help boost your physical fitness, mobility and quality of life, according to research in the American Heart Association journal Stroke.

“Walking is a great way to get active after a stroke,” said Carron Gordon, Ph.D., lead author of the study and a lecturer in the physical therapy department at University of the West Indies in Jamaica. “It’s familiar, inexpensive, and it’s something people could very easily get into.”

Researchers divided 128 adult stroke survivors into a group that performed brisk outdoor walking three times a week for three months and a group that had therapeutic massage and no supervised exercise.

Compared to the massage group, the walking group:
• Reported a 16.7 percent improvement in quality of life based on physical health.
• Walked 17.6 percent farther in a six-minute endurance test.
• Had a 1.5 percent lower resting heart rate (the massage group’s resting heart rate was 6.7 percent higher).

After a stroke, many people lack energy and are afraid of falling while walking — withdrawing from meaningful activities like going to church, buying groceries and visiting friends and family, Gordon said.

Previous research has shown that improving physical activity without putting too much stress on your body can help achieve a higher quality of life after a stroke. But those studies evaluated treadmill walking and cycling.

The new study shows you can walk without exercise equipment at any convenient place in the community, Gordon said.

“Walking can help control blood pressure, reduce lipid or fat levels and help with weight control — all cardiovascular risk factors,” Gordon said. “So doctors should encourage it for patients who have had a stroke.”

The American Heart Association recommends at least 150 minutes per week of moderate exercise or 75 minutes per week of vigorous exercise (or some combination of both) for most people. For stroke survivors, the association recommends aerobic exercise three to seven days a week, for 20 to 60 minutes, depending on fitness level.

By: Co-authors are Affette McCaw-Binns, Ph.D. and Rainford Wilks, D.M.

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"Regular, brisk walking after having a stroke could help boost your physical fitness, mobility and quality of life. You can walk without exercise equipment at any convenient place in the community."
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